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|Posté le: Ven 7 Juil - 15:40 (2017) Sujet du message: The South African Mining Journal Vol 22 With Which Is Inc
Excerpt from The South African Mining Journal, Vol. 22: With Which Is Incorporated "the South African Mines, Commerce and Industries; Part I; March 1, 1913
Mu. M. G. 151.s brought his very successful period of office as President of the Chamber of Mines to a close (n Thursday with an address of unusual interest and importance. The address is sufficiently voluminous to fill half an issue of this journal, and our readers must be content with a sum mary and indication from us of its leading points. A dozen articles might more easily be written than one on the matters discussed by Mr. Elkan, and their very number and variety afford an excellent illustration of the innumerable ways in which the mining industry affects the well being of the country. The speech was enriched with manv exclusive and first-hand statistics; with some statesmanlike Opinions on the outstanding problems of the industry, and with several valuable practical suggestions, of which more is certain to be heard. Naturally the President of the Cham ber is in a position to collect and publish the most striking and informative statistics regarding the industry, and some of these may be here strung together from various portions of his address. Thus it is most satisfactory to learn that the death-rate for native employes fell from per thou sand per annum in 1911 to in 1912. In 1912, natives were supplied by the Witwatersrand Native Labour Association and independent recruiters, and the native labour position is more satisfactory than it has been for many years. Stores consumed by the mines in 1912 were valued at European salaries called for and native wages Rockdrills have increased in number from in 1908 to last year. The recovery per ton milled has increased from 278. Md, in 1911, to an improvement of Is. 1d. Per ton. This is not due to closer sorting, which has remained practically stationary, the figures being per cent. For 1911 and 125 per cent. For 1912, but to an improvement in the grade. There has been a welcome reduction in the death-rate from accidents as affecting white employes, the figure being per thousand last year as against in 1911. An improvement in the average profit per ton milled is shown, having risen from 95. 7d. In 1911 to 105. In 1912. This is due, to some extent, to better methods of extraction, accord ing to Mr. Elkan, but principally to the improvement in the value of the ore treated, and is most encouraging for the future. Of the total output 65 per cent. Was absorbed by working costs, 21 per cent. By dividends, and 14 per cent. By Profits Tax, capital expenditure, interest on and redemp tion of loans. Mr. Elkan drew attention to the gratifying fact that the average value of the residues to-day does not exceed 1s. 6d. Per ton. In regard to native labour, while the mines had on the 3lst December, 1911, per cent. Of their total complement of native labour, this figure had risen at the end of 1912 to per cent. It must be te membered that during last year the complement figures were revised, as in the course of time it had been found that, owing to the introduction of labour-saving appliances, better organisation and greater efficiency, it was possible to perform the work with a smaller number of natives. The health of the natives is having constant and careful attention, and that the efforts are proving successful is clearly seen from the death-rate figures, which have come down from per thousand per annum in 1911, to in 1912; these rates include, of course, the deaths due to accidents, which amounted to in 1912, so that the death-rate from disease alone last year was These figures further include the mortality among the so-called tropical natives, which in 1911, taking into account deaths from accidents, was and from disease alone in 1912 they decreased to and respectively, While in January of this year the total death-rate among such tropical natives had fallen to per thousand per annum.
bound: 62 pages
publisher: Forgotten Books (May 18, 2017)
isbn: 0259936685, 978-0259936688,
weight: 3.4 ounces (